Kurseong is a popular hill station situated in West Bengal,India.Kurseong is a sub-divisional town of Darjeeling district known for it’s well known tea- gardens and internationally acclaimed boarding schools.It houses the tea gardens of famous and primium tea brands like Castleton, Ambotia and Makaibari etc.
The name Kurseong derived from the original Lepcha name “Kharsang” which means “Land of White Orchids”.Lepchas were the first settlers of this region and they named their new found home as “Kharsang” after the beautiful little white orchids dotting all over the valleys.These white little orchids are botanically named as “coelogyne cristata” and general term is “Kurson-Rip”.
Historically,Kurseong was a part of the Kingdom of Sikkim before it was conquered by the Kingdom of Nepal in around 1780.It is then restored back to Sikkim by the British East India Company after they defeat Kingdom of Nepal in “The Gorkha War“(1814-1817) also known as “Anglo-Nepalese War“.British Captain nagotiated a treaty known as the “Treaty of Titalia” between the Kingdom of Sikkim and the British East India Company after this war.
As per this “Treaty of Titalia” British East India Company will guarantee security of Sikkim and will return Sikkimese land annexed by the Nepal Kingdom,in return the British East India Company will be granted trading rights and rights of passage up to the Tibet Frontier.
Kurseong became a popular hill station when British established their summer homes at Darjeeling, they added a strip of Kurseong hill from the Kingdom of Sikkim in return of an annual fee.
Kurseong one of the oldest municipalities in the state of West Bengal.In 1890 it became sub-division of Darjeeling district.
It is the peace, peacefulness and the sound atmosphere that pulled in many great personalities here.Many acclaimed poems and songs of Guru Rabindranath Tagore were formed in Kurseong. The enchantment painter, Abanindranath Tagore and extraordinary arranger Atul Prasad Sen got persuasion for some of their renowned works around Kurseong. Sister Nivedita, the great disciple of Swami Vivekananda made Kurseong her home. It is learnt that Mark Twain invested eventually in Kurseong in 1885, Fazlul Haque the Prime Minister of unified Bengal additionally stayed here. Netaji Subash Chandra Bose was interned by the British government for a few months in 1936 in a house at Giddapahar close Kurseong.
This sub-divisional town Kurseong is situated at an altitude of 1458 metres (4864 ft) and just 32Km away from Darjeeling.Here at Kurseong ,the winter is not as severe as Darjeeling.it has a pleasant climate all round the year.